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Quercus alba

Native Plants

White Oak

5 Photos


White oak (Quercus alba) is the national tree of the U.S. and a perfect candidate to serve as a backbone in the garden. With wide-spreading branches and the potential to reach 80’ tall, white oak is indeed a majestic species. Fall foliage color adorns this tree in enchanting shades of purple to wine-red. Additionally, white oak supports more species of wildlife than any other plant found in our forests, from being a host plant for a multitude of the caterpillar stage for many native butterflies and moths, to feeding birds and mammals with its acorns. White oak prefers well-drained, neutral to acidic soils, although it will tolerate thin and dry conditions. It prefers full sun, eventually becoming an excellent shade tree and home to such companions as flowering dogwood (Benthamidia florida), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), rosebay rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum)and black haw (Viburnum prunifolium). Zones 3-9. 

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  • Sun/Shade Conditions
  • Foliage Character
  • Soil Moisture
  • Flowering Period
  • Soil PH
  • Flower Color
  • Summer Foliage Color
  • Fall Foliage Color
    green, orange, purple, red, yellow 
  • Fruit/Seed Color