Mt Cuba Center
Explore the Gardens Virtual Tour Virtual Tour
HOURS

Mt. Cuba is open Wednesday through Sunday, 10 am to 6 pm.

An ecological gardening certificate student completes a Native Plants of Fall exam in Mt. Cuba Center's naturalistic gardens.
Ecological Gardening Certificate Learn More Learn More
Program Guide

Classes offered year-round. Learn to garden in harmony with nature, take an art or wellness class, and more!

Wide shot of flowering Amsonia.
Latest Trial: Amsonia for the Mid-Atlantic Region Amsonia for the Mid-Atlantic Region Amsonia for the Mid-Atlantic Region
Trial Garden

Mt. Cuba Center evaluates native plants and related cultivars for horticultural and ecological value.

Mt. Cuba Center's natural lands pictured at sunset.
Protecting Natural Lands Learn More Learn More
Ecological Land Management

Mt. Cuba conserves and stewards more than 1,000 acres including meadows, forests, streams and riparian corridors.

Two guests walk down the West Slope path in spring at Mt. Cuba Center.
Gift a Membership Gift Guide Gift Guide
MEMBERSHIP

Enjoy unlimited general admission, member discounts, guest passes, and more!

close
Mt Cuba Center
Back to list

Quercus alba

Native Plants

White Oak

5 Photos


Summary

White oak (Quercus alba) is the national tree of the U.S. and a perfect candidate to serve as a backbone in the garden. With wide-spreading branches and the potential to reach 80’ tall, white oak is indeed a majestic species. Fall foliage color adorns this tree in enchanting shades of purple to wine-red. Additionally, white oak supports more species of wildlife than any other plant found in our forests, from being a host plant for a multitude of the caterpillar stage for many native butterflies and moths, to feeding birds and mammals with its acorns. White oak prefers well-drained, neutral to acidic soils, although it will tolerate thin and dry conditions. It prefers full sun, eventually becoming an excellent shade tree and home to such companions as flowering dogwood (Benthamidia florida), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), rosebay rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum)and black haw (Viburnum prunifolium). Zones 3-9. 


More Details

  • Plant Type
    tree 
  • Sun/Shade Conditions
    full-sun 
  • Foliage Character
    deciduous 
  • Soil Moisture
    average-to-moist 
  • Flowering Period
    mid-spring
  • Soil PH
    acidic 
  • Flower Color
    green 
  • Summer Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fall Foliage Color
    green, orange, purple, red, yellow 
  • Fruit/Seed Color
    brown