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Mitella diphylla

Native Plants

Two-Leaf Bishop’s Cap

3 Photos


Summary

The charm of two-leaf bishop’s-cap (Mitella diphylla) lies in its dainty white ¼” flowers with fringed petals held on 8-16” tall racemes above basal foliage reminiscent of maple leaves. The petite flowers are widely spaced and occur above a pair of opposite leaves on the flowering stalk. After flowering, each capsule splits to display shiny black seeds held in a tiny cup. Two-leaf Bishop’s-cap flourishes in rich, moist to fairly dry organic soil in partially shady locations. Its rhizomatous growth makes it useful as a groundcover for small areas. Ideal companions include wild lily-of-the-valley (Maianthemum canadense), red baneberry(Actaea rubra), perfoliate bellwort (Uvularia perfoliata), northern maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum),andbroad beech fern (Phegopteris hexagonoptera). Zones 3-7. 


More Details

  • Plant Type
    perennial 
  • Sun/Shade Conditions
    shade-to-partial-sun 
  • Foliage Character
    deciduous 
  • Soil Moisture
    average-to-dry 
  • Flowering Period
    early-to-mid-spring
  • Soil PH
    adaptable 
  • Flower Color
    white 
  • Summer Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fall Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fruit/Seed Color
    black 

Additional Information

USDA Plants, Illinois Wildflowers