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Vaccinium corymbosum

Native Plants

Highbush Blueberry

3 Photos


Summary

Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a deciduous, multi-stemmed woody shrub prized for its edible fruit and superb, ornamental autumn color. This slow growing, upright shrub grows 3-10’ tall. For best fruit production and autumn foliage display, site in full sun in an acidic, moist to wet, well-draining organic soil. It will take part shade and is adaptable to drier soils.  

Flowers are ⅓” long, typically white, occasionally light pink, pendent and urn-shaped, and displayed in clusters. Blooming in May, the flowers will develop into ¼ – ½” diameter edible fruits (blueberries) by early to mid summer. Foliage is dark green to blue green during spring and summer, then turning yellow, red, bronzy red, orange, or combinations of these colors in autumn.  

Capitalizing on highbush blueberry’s rich autumn display, combine with oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia) or cinnamon clethra (Clethra acuminata) to create a focal point in mixed border display. Your efforts will be rewarded in the winter landscape when the handsome architectural forms of all three plants are revealed after leaf-drop, including the red-colored twigs of highbush blueberry. For a swale planting combine with Viking black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa ‘Viking’) for autumn color and abundant fruit. This is a must-have for a native edible garden.  

Highbush blueberry has high wildlife value, as fruits are consumed by mammals and over thirty songbirds such as American robin, Eastern bluebird, and cedar waxwing. If necessary, prune immediately after fruiting is complete. Zones 3-7. 


More Details

  • Plant Type
    shrub 
  • Sun/Shade Conditions
    full-sun, partial-shade 
  • Foliage Character
    deciduous 
  • Soil Moisture
    moist 
  • Flowering Period
    late-spring
  • Soil PH
    acidic 
  • Flower Color
    white 
  • Summer Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fall Foliage Color
    bronze, red, yellow 
  • Fruit/Seed Color
    dark-blue