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Solidago juncea

Native Plants

Early goldenrod

1 Photo


Summary

Early goldenrod (Solidago juncea), as the common name notes, is the earliest goldenrod to bloom, beginning in mid-summer and tapering off in late summer. This is an easy-care perennial favoring dry to medium moist, well-drained soil in full sun. It tolerates part shade and poor soils and becomes drought tolerant with age. Unbranched stems grow 2-4” tall with alternately arranged leaves along its length. The erect stems terminate in an open panicle of flowering stems arranged in a fountain-like display. Blooms are abundant, bright yellow, and about ¼” across. This plant spreads by rhizomes to form colonies and can be aggressive and is thus not an ideal goldenrod species for a small garden. Thinning is easily accomplished and should be done every couple of years.  

Providing a late season source of nectar and pollen, early goldenrod is attractive to several bee species, butterflies, wasps, flies, moths, and beetles making it an easy choice for a pollinator garden. In a naturalized garden design plant with stiff leaved goldenrod (Solidago rigida) as a season extender and combine with spike gayfeather (Liatris spicata) and flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata). Zones 3-8. 


More Details

  • Plant Type
    perennial 
  • Sun/Shade Conditions
    full-sun, part-shade 
  • Foliage Character
    deciduous 
  • Soil Moisture
    dry, medium 
  • Flowering Period
    mid-summer
  • Soil PH
    adaptable 
  • Flower Color
    yellow 
  • Summer Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fall Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fruit/Seed Color
    tan