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Monarda didyma

Native Plants

Scarlet Bee Balm

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Summary

The brilliant red tubular, two-lipped flowers of scarlet bee balm, arranged in dense terminal clusters, are highly attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. This 2-4’ tall, clump-forming perennial grows best in sunny or lightly shaded locations in moist soil that has been enriched with organic matter. The foliage, when bruised, has a spicy fragrance and is prone to powdery mildew. This can be controlled by providing adequate moisture, thinning for good air circulation, and selecting mildew resistant cultivars. Scarlet bee balm is an excellent companion in the perennial border for Penstemon digitalis, Echinacea purpurea, Veronicastrum virginicum, Schizachyrium scoparium, and Andropogon virginicus.


More Details

  • Plant Type
    perennial 
  • Sun/Shade Conditions
    filtered-shade, full-sun 
  • Foliage Character
    deciduous 
  • Soil Moisture
    average, moist, wet 
  • Flowering Period
    early-summer, mid-summer
  • Soil PH
    adaptable 
  • Flower Color
    red 
  • Summer Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fall Foliage Color
    green 
  • Fruit/Seed Color
    green